An affidavit is a formal sworn statement of fact, signed by the person giving or making the affidavit (who is called the affiant or deponent) and witnessed by someone legally authorized to take oaths, such as a notary public. The word Affidavit comes from a Latin word meaning for he has declared upon oath.
An affidavit must be in writing and be sworn to or affirmed before some legally authorized officer. Statutes of various jurisdictions ordinarily prescribe various formal requirements for the affidavits. These requirements may be just proper form or may be essential as to the legal effect of the affidavit.
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